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ARPI - Africa Research Partnership Initiative

DAUST is home to the Africa Research Partnership Initiative (ARPI), a collaborative international R&D innovation enterprise to address current Africa’s societal challenges and investigate the most challenging, fundamental problems in science while exploring new technologies to keep Africa’s future economies competitive and improve human well-being.


Dr. Sidy Ndao
Dr. Sidy NdaoDirector
Dr. Timothy Wei
Dr. Timothy WeiAssociate Director


Societal disruptions, driven by technological disruptions, are more frequent and more pervasive today than at any other time in history. Cell phones and social media, for example, are now ubiquitous, even in remote corners of the planet. Connectivity between individuals and groups is now virtually limitless and instantaneous.

At the same time, rapid developments in autonomous, electric vehicles are fundamentally changing not only transportation, but infrastructure and commerce. Even the world’s geopolitical balance is changing. Reduced demand for petroleum off-set by an increased need for cobalt for batteries, for instance, is moving influence away from OPEC to countries.

From just these two examples, it is clear that the 21st century continues to be one of disruptive change. Every sector of society, i.e. families, nations, corporations, government, education, etc., is being forced to adapt and respond in very complex and unpredictable ways. The success, and indeed stability of a growing global society depends on our collective ability to proactively and strategically plan for a 22nd century that will be fundamentally different from what we know today. And in particular, because of its tremendous resources and human capital, the continued emergence of Africa as a strong, stable economic leader on the world stage is essential for the overall stability and well-being of, not just the continent, but the entire world.
The six SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DRIVERS are as comprehensive and diverse as the needs and people they will serve. At the core, however, the research, development and innovation needed to support each driver fall under seven common categories, the UNDERLYING TECHNOLOGIES. These can be sub-divided into two sets, SCIENCE-BASED TECHNOLOGIES and SOCIETY-FOCUSED TECHNOLOGIES.


Automation & control: ensuring safe, efficient operation from the device to system levels,
Sensing: acquiring environmental, chemical, biological, physical data for safety and control,
Data & Analytics: leveraging data volumes for intelligent and timely decision making,
Advanced Materials: creating new materials from which everything will be made,


Education & workforce: developing the human capital to grow advanced societies,
Regulation & public policy: framing standards and laws for the public good,
Entrepreneurship & economic development: fueling economic growth through innovation.


The stability of Africa, across the 21st century and beyond, depends on universal availability of food, water, energy, education, high paying jobs and quality healthcare. This, in turn, depends on a strong industrial economy supported by a robust and resilient infrastructure. For the countries of Africa to join the pantheon of the world’s great economic and political powers, however, they must also be recognized as leaders through innovation and thought leadership across the technological spectrum. That is, international trade from African countries must depend less on the export of low margin raw materials and more on finished, high-margin, highvalue products.

In order equip and empower the African countries, ARPI will focus on the following six SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DRIVERS: Energy, Food, Healthcare, Infrastructure, Manufacturing, and Security.


  • Renewable Energy Research Center
  • Smart Agriculture Technology Research Center
  • Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Center
  • DAUST-IRESSEF Global Health Technology Research Center
  • AI & Robotics Institute

In toto, these SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DRIVERS comprise the foundational elements of vibrant and growing nations. They also represent opportunities for economic growth and leadership:

Energy Food Healthcare
generating sustainable energy supplies for growing technology-based economies producing safe, nutritious, affordable food for a growing global population providing a healthy quality of life for all people from cities to remote locations

Infrastructure Manufacturing Security
building lasting foundations for stable and thriving societies transforming economies to create and export high value products ensuring safe, secure and stable environments for every citizen

Industry Partners

Featured Publications

  • Hamed, A., Ndao, S., “NanoThermoMechanical AND and OR Logic Gates," Nature Scientific Reports, 10, 2437, 2020
  • Hamed, A., Ndao, S., “Non-linear Displacement Mechanisms of Thermally Actuated MEMS Chevron," Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 29(2), 255-259, 2020
  • Jaberi, A., Esfahani, A. M., Aghabaglou, F., Park, J. S., Ndao, S., Tamayol, A., Yang, R., “Microfluidic Systems with Embedded Cell Culture Chambers for High Throughput Biological Assays," ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, To appear in ACS Applied Bio Materials, 2020
  • Elzouka, M., Ndao, S., “Enhanced Thermal Radiation via Interweaved L Slots," Optics Express, 27(6), 353405, 2019
  • Hamed, A., Elzouka, M., Ndao, S., “Thermal Calculator," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 134, 359-365, 2019
  • Kruse, C., Tsubaki, A., Zuhlke, C., Alexander, D., Anderson, M., Peng, E., Shield, J., Ndao, S., Gogos, G., “Influence of Copper Oxide on Femtosecond Laser Surface Processed Copper Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Surfaces," Journal of Heat Transfer, 141, 051503, 2019

Featured Patents

  • Ndao, S., Gogos, G., Alexander, D., Anderson, T. and Zuhlke, C., “Leidenfrost Droplet Microfluidics," US10792660B1
  • Anderson, T., Ndao, S., Zuhlke, C., Alexander, D. and Gogos, G., " Control of Change of Phase Through Physical Surface Shaping," U.S. Patent Application No. 14/595,452
  • Ndao, S., Elzouka, M., "Near-Field Heat Transfer Enabled Nanothermomechanical Memory and Logic Devices," U.S. US10020010B1
  • Ndao, S., Gogos, G., Alexander, D., Anderson, T. and Zuhlke, C., Entitled “Monolithic Hierarchical Structures Micro Heat Pipe (MHSµHP)," US10267567B1
  • Sall, A. A., Diagne, C. T., Ndao, S., “Microsystem Label for Sample Tubes” submitted 11/13/2017, pending
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Office of Research and Technology Commercialization

The Office of Research and Technology Commercialization overviews the overall management of DAUST's Research entreprise. The Office of Research supports DAUST's faculty, students, and Partners through:
  • University / Industry partnership
  • Sponsored research
  • Research centers
  • Undergraduate research program
  • Extension program
DAUST extension aims to translate DAUST’s research-based knowledge and expertise into impactful resources to the public at large. This is carried out by delivering research-based education, information, and know-how to Senegalese citizens and beyond in the areas such as agriculture, health, and STEM education.
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